FreeNX (Comunidad Ubuntu)

1 10 2007

Fuente: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/FreeNX

FreeNX

[WWW] FreeNX is a system that allows you to access your desktop from another machine over the internet. You can use this to login graphically to your desktop from a remote location. One example of its use would be to have a FreeNX server set up on your home computer, and graphically logging in to the home computer from your work computer, using a FreeNX client.

Terminology

The Server is the computer you want to connect to. This is the computer where the FreeNX server will need to be installed. The name of the Ubuntu package providing the server is “freenx”. For the example used here, the home computer is the server.

The Client is the computer from which you want to be able to access the Server. The name of the Ubuntu package providing the client is “nxclient”. For the example used here, the work computer is the client.

Installing the FreeNX server

We will be installing the FreeNX server on the Server machine, i.e., the machine that you want to access remotely. In the stated example, this is your computer that is at home. Open your aptitude sources list and append the two lines for the repository.

gksudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list

For Ubuntu 5.10 and 6.06, they are:

deb http://free.linux.hp.com/~brett/seveas/freenx dapper-seveas freenx
deb-src http://free.linux.hp.com/~brett/seveas/freenx dapper-seveas freenx

For Ubuntu 7.04, they are:

deb http://free.linux.hp.com/~brett/seveas/freenx feisty-seveas freenx
deb-src http://free.linux.hp.com/~brett/seveas/freenx feisty-seveas freenx

(For future versions, visit the [WWW] FreeNX repository site to check for other repositories.)

Save and then close.

Add the GPG key:

wget http://free.linux.hp.com/~brett/seveas/freenx/seveas.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -

Then Update Apt

sudo apt-get update

After you add the repository, then install the freenx package.

sudo aptitude install freenx

(Using aptitude to install extra needed packages) [Note: You can manually perform the setup with: sudo nxsetup –install –setup-nomachine-key]

During installation you will be given the option to select NoMachine keys, or custom keys. It is best to select NoMachine keys. For the paranoid: there is absolutely NO added security risk involved in using the default keys. Read an [WWW] SSL primer if you want to know the details about why this is the case

(I am not so sure about that absolutely NO added security risk; anyway, official word seems to be that this is a non-issue: see [WWW] http://mail.kde.org/pipermail/freenx-knx/2005-August/001900.html )

On the server, add your user to nxserver

sudo nxserver --adduser <username>
sudo nxserver --passwd <username>
sudo nxserver --restart

[Note: I don’t know if this is still needed, but it helps – JeremySchroeder]

Configuring SSH

By default, nxserver uses port 22 for communicating over SSH. On some machines or networks, port 22 may be blocked. For example, some providers block port 22. To make the SSH server listen on port 8888, you can do the following:

Edit the file /etc/ssh/sshd_config

gksudo gedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config

Find

Port 22

and change it to

Port 8888

You then need to restart SSHD. Try

/etc/init.d/ssh restart

Edit the file /etc/nxserver/node.conf

gksudo gedit /etc/nxserver/node.conf

Find

# The port number where local 'sshd' is listening.
#SSHD_PORT=22

and change it to:

# The port number where local 'sshd' is listening.
SSHD_PORT=8888

That is, change the port number to the one that sshd is listening to, and uncomment the line.

Installing the NX Client

sudo aptitude install nxclient

You should be able to access your Ubuntu box from any Windows or Linux box using the free client from [WWW] NoMachine’s website. You can also embed your NX Server in a webpage by installing the Nomachine Web Companion and the Apache webserver.

(!) Note on nomachine web site there is new version off nxclient version 2.0 and it don’t work with freenx so you should better use nxclient from [WWW] Seveas’ Packages!

Now you can execute the installed client using the following command:

/usr/NX/bin/nxclient &

Or by looking it up in the menu

This will start the NX client in a GUI, and step you through getting connected to the FreeNX server, and you will be on your way! [Note: If you are behind a firewall you may need to enable SSL encryption under the Advanced configuration tab – JeremySchroeder]

[WWW] Useful Resource for installing client on 64-bit Ubuntu

Miscellany

FreeNX on PowerPC

There are no precompiled binaries of FreeNX on this platform, so FreeNX have to be compiled from source. Sources for breezy can be found at SeveasPackages

These steps will build FreeNX from source:

  1. Create a directory to hold the FreeNX source, and cd into it.
    mkdir freenxSource; cd freenxSource
  2. Build the freenx pacakges and install related packages.
    sudo apt-get build-dep nx freenx
    apt-get -b source nx freenx

    This will download the souce tarballs and build the freenx packages (*.deb) in the current directory.

  3. Install the FreeNX packages.
    sudo dpkg -i *.deb
  4. If dpkg complains about missing packages, let apt fix it
    sudo apt-get -f install
    sudo dpkg -i *.deb

FreeNX on 64bit

FreeNX is not 64-bit safe, so you will have to build a 32-bit chroot.

How to start/stop FreeNX

The FreeNX server is not a service but uses ssh. The following command will stop the FreeNX program from accepting connections.

sudo nxserver --stop

(Replace –stop by –start for starting it again)

Using custom SSH keys

/!\ This is NOT supported by the FreeNX developers – only do this if you have no other option

  1. Generate the DSA private-public key pair.
     ssh-keygen -t dsa

    By default this key is places in ~/.ssh/id-dsa. You can leave the passphrase empty, this will not pose a security risk.

  2. Install the public key in the FreeNX serving machine. The key should be placed in the file authorized_keys2 in the .ssh dir of the user named nx.
    cat ~/.ssh/id_dsa.pub | sudo -u nx tee -a ~nx/.ssh/authorized_keys2
  3. Install the private key in the NX client software. When creating a session, press the button labeled “Key” and select your new key in the window that pops up.

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